Theme 4: Knowledge and skills

A. Qualified counsellor, advanced qualified counsellor and psychotherapist B. Advanced qualified counsellor  C. Psychotherapist
4.1. Ability to demonstrate understanding, and be able to articulate the rationale and philosophy underpinning therapeutic practice     
4.2. Ability to demonstrate an understanding of the theory and practice of therapy from assessment to ending including knowledge of:
• a model of person and mind
• a model of gendered and culturally influenced human development
• a model of human change and ways in which change can be facilitated
• a model of therapeutic relationship
• a set of clinical concepts to relate theory to practice
 4.2.a. Ability to critically appraise a range of theories underpinning the practice of counselling and psychotherapy   4.2.b. Ability to critically appraise the history of psychological ideas, the cultural context, and relevant social and political theories to inform and evaluate ongoing practice
4.3. Ability to apply understanding of self-harming and suicidal behaviours, to work collaboratively with the client or patient 4.3.a. Ability to work with suicidal risk and other self-harming behaviours and associated conscious and unconscious processes including the conflictual and paradoxical nature of suicidal ideation  
4.4. Ability to understand the process of change within a core, coherent theoretical framework and adopt a stance as therapist in accordance with it     
4.5. Ability to understand and respond appropriately to the emotional content of sessions    
4.6. Ability to select and use appropriate therapeutic interventions   4.6.a. Ability to demonstrate the capacity, knowledge and understanding of how to select or modify approaches to respond appropriately to the needs of the client or patient   
4.7. Ability to demonstrate coherent use of skills and interventions for the benefit of the client or patient, that is consistent with underlying theoretical knowledge  4.7.a. Ability to reflect upon complex and sometimes contradictory information elicited from clients or patients to clearly articulate their core difficulties and possible origins  4.7.b. Ability to demonstrate an understanding and application of the nature and purpose of psychotherapy with a focus on how internal and external worlds impact the dynamics of the therapeutic relationship. This includes an advanced awareness of how unconscious processes (eg transference and countertransference) affect therapy
4.8. Ability to reflect upon own cultural background and history and have the capacity to work authentically in a non-discriminatory manner  4.8.a. Ability to describe the philosophical assumptions that underpin theoretical understanding of culture

4.8.b. Ability to define difference and explore effects of stigmatisation, stereotyping, discrimination and oppression
4.8.c. Ability to integrate relevant theory and research in the areas of diversity and equality into clinical practice 
4.9. Ability to demonstrate an understanding of the use of audit and evaluation tools to review own counselling work  4.9.a. Ability to utilise audit and evaluation tools to monitor and maintain standards within practice settings  4.9.b. Ability to utilise audit and evaluation methodologies to contribute to improving the process and outcomes of therapy
4.10. Ability to understand, assess and apply research evidence to own practice 4.10.a. Ability to critically appraise published research on counselling and psychotherapy and integrate relevant research findings into practice 4.10.b. Ability to successfully complete a substantial empirical research project, systematic review or systematic case study informed by wide current understandings of the discipline
4.11. Ability to communicate clearly with clients or patients, colleagues and other professionals both in writing and verbally